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Content & Ownership
This document was compiled by D&S and is a compilation of existing knowledge about the PSHB beetle. D&S does not claim any rights of the images or content used in this document. Images and information in this document are freely available on the Internet and copyright belong to their respective owners. This document should only serve as an informative and management guideline. D&S accepts no liability for damages arising, directly or indirectly, from the recommendations presented in this document.


DSMG              The D and S Maintenance Group (Pty) LTD

PSHB                Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer

PANAF             Pan African Farms

SANBI              South Africa National Biodiversity Institute

FABI                 Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute